Integrated biorefining for energy and fuels

    • Presentation speakers
      • Anh Phan, Lecturer, Newcastle University

    Road transportation is responsible for one-third of worldwide energy consumption and over 90% of this is currently fossil fuel-based. It accounts for around one fourth carbon dioxide emissions. Alongside other biofuels, pyrolysis liquid would play an important part in individual nations’ target of reduction in greenhouse gas (CO2) emissions and in dependence upon fossil fuels. However, pyrolysis liquid derived from lignocellulosic materials is currently not feasible to use as transportation fuels and required to be upgraded. Upgrading pyrolysis oil into transportation fuels is a real challenge in pyrolysis technology. The conventional catalytic upgrading bio-oils is currently facing many challenges: rapid deactivation of catalysts, low product yield, high pressures and temperatures requirements etc. It is expected that some of the issues aforementioned can be minimised by applying cold thermal plasma. Furthermore, a large amount of waste plastic cannot be reused or recycled and ends up in landfills. This could be a valuable resource to produce diesel or gasoline fuels for transportation as there is very little amount of oxygen content in products, no further upgrading is required.


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